There are different types of training: strength, endurance, etc. But which is the right one? Read more here.
Of course, strength training is the only right thing to do. No, endurance training is the healthiest, every child knows that. Agility – without it, you cannot do any other type of exercise at all.
The dispute about which type of training is the best and only right one has been around for a long time and – first of all – we won’t solve it here.
Forms of training
But what types of training are there anyway? Can you think of five straight away? If not, you’ve come to the right place as we introduce you to them all here.
Basically, the term strength describes the ability of the muscles to contract despite resistance. Strength training has two goals:
- The increase in muscle mass.
- The increase in strength in the areas of rapid, maximum and reactive strength.
- Classically, strength is trained with weights. Depending on the training goal, more reps with less weight or fewer reps with a lot of weight are done.
- Well-developed muscles support both the skeleton and the musculoskeletal system, which can prevent many complaints such as back pain.
A good level of stamina is not only necessary in sport for good physical performance. That is the ability to carry out a request for as long as possible without fatigue. This performance is significantly influenced by how much energy can be made available to the muscle. A trained heart can transport more nutrients and oxygen to the muscles via the blood, which is why endurance training should always target the cardiovascular system first. A session of endurance training should last at least 30 minutes.
That is the ability to perform individual movements as quickly as possible. In order to achieve the fastest possible movement and reaction speeds, a well-functioning nerve-muscle system is necessary. Speed training is especially important in ball sports and in athletics, with the acceleration phase receiving the greatest attention. After all, a sprint only lasts a few meters.
Strength and endurance can only be used properly with good coordination. After all, what good is it if you have the best stamina in the world, but stumble every second step? Everyone has to learn coordination skills because they are not innate. Therefore, you can improve your own coordination with targeted exercises even in old age. In addition, spatial orientation, balance and rhythm skills are trained with such exercises.
The better the coordination, the more economical, precise and harmonious movements are carried out.
Finally, we come to mobility, which is the basis for the four other forms. The more agile, more stretched someone is, the smoother one moves, the better strength, endurance, speed and coordination can be used.
Unfortunately, mobility often decreases due to one-sided stress in everyday life, and individual muscles shorten. The best way to counteract this is through regular stretching exercises. This is especially important with increasing age, because otherwise mobility decreases with each additional year of life.
The optimal form of training
Now that you know the different forms of exercise, you may be wondering which one is best. The answer is, it depends – your training goals. Depending on your objectives, you should then create a training plan tailored to this. But one thing is certain: variety is a must for effective training that addresses all basic motor skills. It’s all in the mix.